Certificate of Origin

A certificate of origin (often abbreviated to C/O or CoO) is a document used in international trade. In a printed form or as an electronic document, it is completed by the exporter and certified by a recognized issuing body, attesting that the goods in a particular export shipment have been produced, manufactured or processed in a particular country. A “Certificate of Origin” is also called a “Form A”

Regional declinations
With the multiplication of trading bloc and free trade agreements (FTAs), a multitude of different forms have emerged and are used as certificates of origin in today’s international trade.

Depending on the exporting and importing countries, as well as the applicable trade regulations, other standard forms such as:

  • Certificate of Origin
  • Form A
  • Form B (applicable for the Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement)
  • Form E (for the ASEAN-China Free Trade Area)
  • Form F (for the China-Chile Free Trade Agreement)
  • Form P (for the China-Pakistan Free Trade Agreement)
  • Form N (for the China-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement)
  • Form X (for the China-Singapore Free Trade Agreement)
  • ChAFTA CO (Certificate of Origin Form for CHINA-AUSTRALIA Free Trade Agreement)

However, virtually all certificate of origin form use the same template, with fields for the country of origin, the shippers, consignees, transport details, product and quantity, and the issuing body (stamp and signature).